A flawless and younger-looking skin has always been everybody’s desire. The biggest hindrance in this quest is the skin damage caused by prolonged exposure to the sun and its ultraviolet (UV) rays.
Your body produces a photo protective substance called melanin that acts as a broadband UV absorbent. Sometimes the cells that produce this substance go into overdrive, leading to excess melanin in the skin.
This causes uneven patches and dark spots. Medically, this condition is known as hyperpigmentation. This condition is commonly found on the face, but it can affect other body parts, too.
It is not harmful and it is usually more a cosmetic problem. However, it can be a symptom of another medical condition or a side effect of medication. In such cases, consult your doctor.
Symptoms of Hyperpigmentation
Dark patches or spots on the skin are the only symptoms of hyperpigmentation. These patches occur primarily on the face but can appear anywhere on the body.
Do not pick at your skin. It damages the skin cells. Reapply sunscreen every two hours to maintain proper UV protection. You need to take active measures to reduce your stress levels. Stress can cause your skin to become dull and dark.
Home Remedies to Treat Hyperpigmentation
Fortunately, hyperpigmentation is not difficult to deal with. There are certain natural ingredients that help speed up the process of reversing sun damage, getting rid of dark spots and giving you the clear skin you desire.
Here are the top 10 natural remedies you can use to get rid of hyperpigmentation.
Method 1: Lemon Juice
Lemon juice is the most available remedy that can reduce hyperpigmentation spots effectively. The high citric acid in lemons makes them an excellent natural bleaching agent.
What is more, lemons are particularly effective in treating post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Just be careful, if you have overly sensitive skin, you can dilute the lemon juice before applying it.
In addition, lemons make your skin photosensitive, so avoid going out in the sun for some time after using the remedy. Soak a cotton ball in fresh lemon juice. Use it to dab the juice on the affected skin. Let the juice sit for 20 to 30 minutes, then rinse it off with water.
Since lemon can make your skin dry, remember to finish by applying a moisturizer. Use this remedy 2 times every day. It will take at least 1 week to notice any considerable improvement in your skin tone. Continue using it daily for at least 1 month or until the spots are gone for good.
Method 2: Turmeric
Turmeric is a powerful remedy to get rid of hyperpigmentation. It contains a potent anti-inflammatory antioxidant called curcumin that reduces the occurrence of blemishes. What is more, it prevents skin infections and improves the skin’s texture. You can combine it with some honey, which helps moisturize and renew damaged skin.
Things you’ll need:
- Turmeric powder – 1 tablespoon
- Honey – 1 tablespoon
Put 1 tablespoon of turmeric powder in a bowl. Add 1 tablespoon of honey to it.
Then, mix well and apply the paste on the affected skin and leave it on for 20 minutes.
Rinse it off with warm water and apply a moisturizer.
Use this remedy once a day for 2 to 3 weeks to reduce dark spots. It can take 1 to 2 months to get satisfactory results .
Method 3: Rosehip Oil
Rosehip oil is another natural cure for hyperpigmentation. It contains essential fatty acids, such as omega-6 and omega-9 fatty acids that help rejuvenate the skin.
Furthermore, rosehip oil also contains antioxidants, such as vitamin C, E and provitamin A that protect the skin from free-radical damage.
You can either apply it directly on your skin or mix it with extra-virgin coconut oil. Coconut oil has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that help you get spot-free skin.
Things you’ll need:
- Rosehip essential oil – 5 or 6 drops
- Extra-virgin coconut oil – 1 tablespoon
Mix the rosehip oil and the coconut oil. Soak a cotton ball in the oil blend and apply all over the hyperpigmented skin to get rid of pigmentation.
Let your skin fully absorb the oil blend. You do not need to wash it off.
Use the oil blend twice every day. This remedy can take 1 to 2 months to show significant reduction in spots but it will improve the quality of your skin immensely.
Method 4: Apple Cider Vinegar
Raw apple cider vinegar contains enzymes that have great skin-healing properties. The acids present in it work as skin-lightening agents.
They exfoliate the skin and bleach dark spots. Be careful though, apple cider vinegar can be harsh on sensitive skin, so it is best to dilute it with water before applying it.
Also, it may burn a little, which is okay. However, if the burning is too discomforting, wash it off immediately and try using another remedy.
Dilute some apple cider vinegar with an equal quantity of water. Soak a cotton ball it in and dab the liquid on the affected skin.
Let it sit for 20 minutes, then rinse it off with water. Repeat this remedy twice a day for 6 to 8 weeks to get rid of hyperpigmentation.
Method 5: Aloe Vera
Aloe vera stimulates fibroblast cells that produce collagen which results in skin regeneration. It also contains antioxidants that protect against sun damage as well as free radicals.
Furthermore, it contains auxins and gibberellins, which are hormones that aid skin healing.
Apply fresh aloe vera gel on the affected skin. Leave it on overnight. Wash it off the next morning.
Use it every night for 6 to 8 weeks to make the dark spots disappear. You can prepare a batch of aloe vera gel at home and refrigerate it for everyday use.
Method 6: Vitamin C Serum
Vitamin C is rich in antioxidants that protect your skin from external damage. What is more it also helps the skin renewal process.
Vitamin C also works as a bleaching agent, due to its acidic content. In the form of a serum, vitamin C can prove effective in treating post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Apply the serum on the affected area.
Allow it to dry and then apply a moisturizer. If going outdoors, apply a sunscreen.
The UV rays break down the acid in the serum, rendering it ineffective. Use it once or twice every day for at least 2 months to get even-toned and bright skin.
Method 7: Manuka Honey
Manuka honey helps your skin retain moisture, aiding faster recovery from inflammation.
It also releases hydrogen peroxide that helps in skin regeneration and reducing the spots. Using a cotton swab, apply manuka honey on the affected areas.
Leave it on for 1 to 2 hours, then rinse your skin with water. Using manuka honey daily will show improvements within weeks.
Continue using it until all the dark spots are visibly reduced.
Method 8: Vitamin E
Vitamin E has is also called the ‘skin vitamin’. Its antioxidants help protect and repair your skin. Furthermore, with regular use it helps reverse sun damage, revealing wrinkle-free and spot-free skin.
Since vitamin E oil is quite thick to apply directly, you can mix it in a carrier oil (olive or castor oil).
Things you’ll need:
Olive oil – 1 tablespoon
Vitamin E oil – 1 capsule
Mix the two well. Use your fingers to apply the oil blend on all the affected areas. Leave it on overnight. Wash it off in the morning. Reapply every day until you get rid of the hyperpigmentation.
Method 9: Castor Oil
Castor oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids that help in rejuvenating the skin.
The antioxidants present in the oil protect the skin from environmental damage. Use cold-pressed castor oil for this remedy, as the extraction technique helps preserve the essential nutrients.
What you need to do is pour some cold-pressed castor oil on a cotton ball. Smear the oil on the affected areas. Massage the oil in upward circular motions and leave it on for 5 to 10 minutes.
Wash it off with a mild cleanser and pat dry. Use it twice a day until you get the desired results.
Method 10: Potato Slices
Potatoes can also help you get rid of hyperpigmentation. They contain high levels of catecholase that works as a natural skin-bleaching agent.
Rub a raw potato slice on the affected area for 1 to 2 minutes, until the juice is transferred onto the skin. Let the juice sit for 10 to 15 minutes.
Rinse it off. Repeat 2 or 3 times a day until the spots fade away.